The minars base is 15 meters in diameter and it has five different storeys, constructed by different rulers at different times as stated earlier. The three storeys that comprise the base of the whole structure are quite elaborate. Fluted shafts that are cylindrical in shape are built along with balconies. These are built of red sandstone. The forth storey, constructed by a different ruler is quite plain. It is built of marble. The fifth which is also the last storey is made using a combination of both marble and sandstone. Inside the minar, a spiral staircase runs from the bottom to the top.
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In 1848, viscount Hardinge the governor General if India took the wise decision of taking the storey constructed by major Smith down. Today, this storey is kept to the east of the qutub Minar for everyone to see. It is popularly known as Smiths Folly as the construction of it was considered an architectural disaster, and it was nothing compared to the beautiful and masterfully constructed Qutub Minar. Without the contributions of the aforementioned people, we wouldnt have the qutub Minar that we have today. Historians suggest that the materials used for the construction of the minar were procured from the destruction of Hindu and jain temples in Delhi. In fact, pillars from these temples can still be found in the quwwat ul Islam Mosque. These pillars still contain their original Brahminic inscriptions. Using these materials, write the base of the minar, that is, the bottom three storeys are built of red stone. The top storeys are built of marble and sandstone. At 73 meters, qutub Minar is one of the highest in the world. In fact, it is the tallest brick minar in the world.
After a while in 1505 an earthquake occurred. This earthquake damaged the qutub Minar profusely. This damage was reconstructed by none other than sikander Lodi, a formidable ruler of the lodi dynasty. Much later, after the advent of the British in India, an earthquake occurred in 1803 which caused a lot of damage to the minars story structure. . It was Major Robert Smith, a major in the British army, who repaired these damages. He also constructed a sixth storey over the fifth storey, thus creating a new storey. This storey was later considered a folly.
Many suggest that it was built as to commemorate the victory of Qutab ud din Aibak over the last Hindu kingdom of Delhi. Many others say that it was used to call people for faithful favorite prayers. It was built along the with Quwwat ul Islam Mosque which is a beautiful monument on its own and one of its kind. There are many other rulers and important people who contributed towards its construction, repairs and maintenance. Iltutmish, who ascended the throne of the delhi sultanate by succeeding Qutab ud din Aibak in 1211 is credited with continuing the construction of the qutub Minar and added three more storeys to it, increasing its height and glory. Later, in 1369, a lightning strike destroyed the top storey of the minar. This damage was repaired by firoz shah Tughlaq of the tughlaq dynasty. He not only repaired the damaged minar, but he also added another storey.
Qutub Minar is a must visit place for all history lovers. Its spectacular build is sure to astound everyone who visits. There is a controversy regarding the name of the minar. Some say that the minar got its name from. Qutab ud din Aibak, the ruler and founder of the slave dynasty which ruled the delhi sultanate because he was the one who laid its foundation. Others say that its name comes from the name of the great Sufi saint Qutbuddin bakhtiar kaki because it was constructed to honour him. Qutub Minars construction was started in 1192 by qutab ud din Aibak, the first ruler of the delhi sultanate. There is a controversy as to its origin.
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With many different cultures, religions, languages and ethnicity, india has a rich and varied history. The many beautiful monuments in India which were built by our ancestors are evidence of make that fact. These monuments help us understand our past. The past has a hand in shaping our present and future and it makes us who we are and what we are today. Therefore, it is undeniably important. These exquisite monuments celebrate our rich and varied history, and make us appreciate our origins.
They make us understand our history. One of these beautiful monuments is the exceptional Qutub Minar. Qutub Minar. Unesco world Heritage site and it was given this designation in the 17th session of unesco in 1993. It is located in the mehrauli region which is in the outskirts of Delhi, the capital of India. Qutub Minar is one of the main attractions of the capital city of India which sees a lot of visits from tourists from all around the world throughout the year.
It was enlarged by Iltutmish (1211-36) and again by Alauld-Din Khalji (1296-1316). According to the inscriptions on its surface it was repaired by firoz shah Tughlaq (AD 1351-88) and sikandar Lodi7 (AD ) Some historians believe that the. Qutub, minar was named after the first Turkic sultan (whose descendant- wajid Ali Shah-repaired it qutub -ud-din Aibak,10 but others contend that it was named in honour of Qutubuddin bakhtiar kaki,11 a saint from Transoxiana who came to live in India and was venerated. The qutb complex lies in the middle of the eastern part of Lalkot. The qutb Minar is a column built from red and buff. My oedipus Complex Essay.
The story "my oedipus Complex " by Frank o'connor deals exclusively with a little boy named Larry and his feelings towards his father. When his father returns home from World War ii, larry is resentful and jealous of losing his mother's undivided attention, and finds himself in a constant struggle to win back her affections. br br I really enjoyed "my oedipus Complex because it reminded me a great deal of my elementary school days. My brother Brian was born when I was five, and from that day on there was never a moment of peace in the house. He was constantly underfoot, and after he was old enough, spent all his time trying to sweet talk my mother into whatever it was he wanted at the moment. Kissing her hand and lavishing praise on her mothering skills was one of his favorites, and it was usually pretty effective, too. My mother was oblivious to the terror he had inflicted on the rest of the household - me, two dogs, and a school of goldfish - and saw only her sweet, perfect baby boy. For this reason, i saw Larry as a tamer but equally spoiled version of my brother, and his mother as remarkably similar to my own.
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Qutub, minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world, and sex an important example of Indo-Islamic Architecture. Qutub, minar.5 metres (239 ft) high. The diameter of the base.3 metres wide while the top floor. Rarely fixed and certain and are frequently 'contested' by different social groups. Numerous inscriptions in Parso-Arabic and Nagari characters in different sections of the. Qutub, minar reveal the history of its construction. The construction of Qutb Minar was intended as a victory tower, to celebrate the victory of Mohammed Ghori essay over Rajput king, Prithviraj Chauhan, in 1192 ad, by his then viceroy, qutb-ud-din Aibak, who later became the first Sultan of Delhi of Mamluk dynasty. Building of the quwwatu'l-Islam (Might of Islam) congregational mosque was begun in 1192 by qutbu'd-Din Aibak and completed in 1198, using the demolished remains of Hindu temples.
Continue reading, please join StudyMode to read the essay full document. You may also find These documents Helpful qutb complex Essay. India habitat Centre habitat Library resource centre ihc walk: February 10, 2008 Qutb complex, qutb Minar and its Monuments, delhi a map of the qutb complex, the qutb complex is an array of monuments and buildings at Mehrauli in Delhi, india, the most famous. This complex was first constructed by qutb-ud-din Aybak, the first ruler of the Slave dynasty, and his successor Iltutmish (aka altmash) in his new city called the qila-rai-pithora near Prithivraj Chauhan's older city. The complex was added to by many subsequent rulers, including Iltutmish and Ala ud din Khilji as well as the British. The most famous monument situated in the complex is the, qutub, minar; other important constructions in the complex are the quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, the Ala-i-darwaza, the Alai minar and the iron pillar. Twenty-seven previous jain temples were destroyed and their materials reused to construct the minar and other monuments of the complex. Qutub, minar.5 metres high, the. Qutub, minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world.
upon material derived from plundered temples. There is an inscription(in Naskh script) above the northern entrance to the quwwat ul Islam mosque recording the demolition of 27 Hindu and brahminical temples, the materials of which were used in the construction of the mosque. It underwent three phases of construction under three sultans of Delhi, namely, qutb-ud-din Aibek, iltutmish and Ala-ud-din Khalji. In the first phase of construction, the mosque itself is believed to have been constructed at the site of an ancient temple. Gell remarked that the intricate inscriptions have an element of magic in them. It is believed that Aibek ordered the large temple at the centre of the hindu citadel to be dismantled. Retaining intact the chabbutra or plinth of the temple, this stone basement was enlarged to double its original size in order to form a stylo-bate sufficiently spacious to accommodate the mosque. In the first phase of construction, the mosque, 214 by 149 feet, was a relatively small rectangular structure, with a central.
Following successive defeats at Ankhud, tarain, and Anhilwada, he registered a studential momentous victory at Tarain in 1192 and proceeded to defeat Raja jai chand of Kanauj at Chandwar. With these victories a new era in the history of Delhi(and also India) was inaugurated. During these campaigns a major role had been played by qutubuddin Aibak (a slave general of Ghori). Muizuddin Ghori died soon and Aibek found himself a joint claimant to his masters dominions in India along with two other fellow slaves, nasiruddin Qabacha and Tajuddin Yaldoz. While contending with these claims, aibek was able to successfully establish his authority, even though his status as a sultan per se is debatable. Qutubuddin Aibek lost no time in consolidating his power by proceeding to erect monumental buildings of stone on the site of the captured Hindu stronghold of Qila rai pithora, which is regarded as the first of the seven cities of Delhi. Having dealt with the background, a full-fledged analysis of the monuments can be embarked upon. Quwwat-ul-islam mosque, the quwwat ul Islam mosque is situated at the qutb Complex, in Mehrauli, delhi.
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Introduction, the qutb complex is one of those historic sites which can extend beyond its own historical moment to carry a much larger symbolic statement. Its ruins are presented today as a part of "Indian" antiquity, a part of each Indians inheritance which can be cherished. The qutb complex situated in Mehrauli, delhi consists of an array of monuments and buildings which stand as a testimony to the affluent historical trends and the radiant culture of Medieval India, the most famous of which is the five-storeyed, and 239 feet sandstone tower. Apart from the architectural wonder Qutb Minar, other prominent monuments in the precincts of the qutb complex include quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque,. E, one of the oldest existing mosques in India, the Alai darwaza, the Alai minar, the tomb of Iltutmish and the magnificent Iron Pillar. My endeavour will be to illuminate vital architectural attributes of each monument and subsequently proceed to historical interpretations by the historians from these monuments and their relative connotations in the sustenance of Delhi sultanate. For a better understanding of the diverse historical trends of the qutb complex, it would be expedient to have a brief knowledge of the history of Qutb complex. Muizuddin Ghori led a series of successful military campaigns help to India in the late twelfth century.