How to write a refutation in an argumentative essay

How do, you start a refutation Paragraph?

how to write a refutation in an argumentative essay

Refutation - examples and Definition of, refutation

Riplinger is a totally unreliable source of information and that nothing that she writes can be accepted as truth unless independently confirmed. Nabv contains a multitude of miscellaneous errors, many of which have little to do with basic argumentation, but the sheer number of which surely demonstrates the overall poor quality of research, knowledge, attention to detail, and accuracy of presentation. . The inside front cover presents the following note: Note to the reader: 1) All editions and printings of the niv and nasb. Are not the same. 2) The niv and nasb do not have identical wording because each is copywritten sic. Note 1) perhaps is meant to suggest that new Bible versions are an unstable, tentative lot and not forever settled in heaven, as is the king James Version. The note could have stated just as truthfully that all editions and printings of the kjv are not the same. .

Definition and Examples - thoughtCo

Using the riplinger method of citation, any number of similar"tions can be produced using her very own book. One must question how she can criticize modern versions while admitting that the devil helped her write the criticism. Im beginning to think that she may be a how new Ager herself, a wolf in sheeps clothing. Why else would she put a black cover on her book with a picture of a red dragon (Satan?) on the front? . Why does the book have forty-two chapters? 6 x 7 the number of man times the number of God? . Man seeking to reach God by his own works? Obviously, i have spent too much time reading nabv. Rather than deal with the theme of nabv in any systematic way, i have decided to document some of the innumerable errors in the order that they occur in the book. I simply wish to demonstrate clearly that.

It takes little research to discover that a large number of the people she libels, while often possessing faults, are not at all guilty of the wicked charges that she brings against them. She frequently slices up sentences from multiple contexts and reconstructs them so as to make people appear to say things that they never said. The more time that I have spent investigating the book, especially the hideously flawed endnotes with their hopeless documentation, the more i have realized how pathetic. It is so egregious that there can be no excuse whatsoever for its writing and distribution. All of the blame for the poor quality of the book, however, should not be placed upon. As she herself says, satan. Provided me access to documents, (nabv,. I must admit that even I was shocked at this"tion, and Im the one who fabricated.

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how to write a refutation in an argumentative essay

Refutation of an Argument: Definition examples - video

The journey from page 1 to page 650 of nabv is long and painful. A brother in Christ with considerable knowledge of the kjv only movement confessed to me that he couldnt read it through; its every page is marred by multiple errors of fact, selective presentation (and concealment) of evidence, distortion, mi"tion, bad logic and every other possible. Perhaps I should clarify the just-mentioned confession, lest gail read this and accuse the brother and me of being Roman Catholics. I can assure the reader that we are both Bible-believing, born-again Baptists, that I do not hear confessions regularly, and that the brother did not regard his failure to finish nabv as sin. Yes, i am being ridiculous, but with no better factual basis Riplinger has produced essay a continuous stream of false accusations against a multitude of individuals. Considering the absurd errors that fill every page of gails exposé, it is a wonder that any thinking person can endure such rubbish to the end. To be altogether to the point, the book is a filthy rag, a piece of yellow journalism made all the worse by the claim of allegiance to the word of God.

Well, there it is! The new Agers are responsible for all of the modern versions of the bible sic! Quite a surprise for many of us who thought that much of the work was done by great and godly scholars, men and women who love the lord Jesus and have given their lives to his service. I have learned many such interesting things in reading this book, including the fact that the proper name bible should not begin with a capital letter, even when referring to the true king James bible. . The authors careful attention to such matters of morphology is refreshing in this new age of sloppy composition. The reader may rest assured that similar precision is reflected in all matters, great and small,. New Age bible versions.

How to Write a refutation Essay - solidEssay

how to write a refutation in an argumentative essay

Introduction to refutation, teaching Tolerance

To write in rights third person, refer to people or characters by name or use third person pronouns like he, she, it; his, her, its; him, her, it; himself, herself, itself; they; them; their; and themselves. Avoid first and second person pronouns completely. For academic writing, focus on a general viewpoint rather than a specific person's to keep things in third person. In other types of writing, you can write in third person by shifting your focus from character to character or by focusing on a single character. Did this summary help you?

A review/refutation of gail Riplingers New Age bible versions. A review/refutation of, gail Riplingers New Age bible versions by james Richard may,. In this classic tome of biblical knowledge, exhaustive research, and careful reasoning, gail Riplinger brings the full weight of her scholarship and technical expertise in home economics to bear upon the daunting question of Bible texts and translation. Her ignorance of Greek and Hebrew is no deterrent to thorough investigation as she navigates the murky waters surrounding satanic influence in modern Bible versions. . In her own words, much digging in libraries and manuscripts all apparently in English from around the world has uncovered an alliance between the new versions of the bible sic(niv, nasb, living Bible and others) and the chief conspirators in the new Age movements push.

(Another assumption in this argument is that its not good to make students racist. Loewens argument shares this assumption, so you wouldnt rebut.). Top, faulty values, who cares if students are racist? This counter-argument is based on an assumed value that your readers probably do not sharenamely, the idea that its ok for students to be racist. The response would be to point out this value, state why you dont share it and state why you dont think your readers do either. Of course, values are both deeply personal and extremely varied, so youre always going to have some readers who do not share yours.


The key is to base your arguments on values that most readers are likely to share. Top, true but Irrelevant, students are already familiar with racism; they dont need to study it in school. Many students are, in fact, already familiar with racism. But loewen is not saying they need to learn about racism, hes saying they need to learn what causes. You might be very familiar with racism but still not know what causes. This is a very common form of counter-argument, one that actually rebuts a different argument. (Note that here, too, theres a faulty assumption: being familiar with something is not the same as knowing what causes.) Top makes the Argument Stronger Previous generations didnt study the causes of racism, so why should we start now?

Writing a counterargument and Refutation

Then you would rebut, or answer, the counter-argument as slave a way to strengthen your own position. Faulty factual Assumption, racism is a thing of the past; therefore, students dont need to bother with. The factual assumption in this example is that racism is a thing of the past. One response would be to muster facts to show that racism continues to be a problem. (Theres a second assumption, which is that students dont need to bother with whats in the past. Another response would be to show that students must understand the past as well as the present to function adequately in civic life.). Top, faulty Analytical Assumption, learning about racism might make students more racist. The analytical assumption is that learning about racism can make you racist. The response would be that understanding the causes of a problem is not the same as causing or creating the problem.

how to write a refutation in an argumentative essay

Top, how can a counter-argument be rebutted? One of the most effective ways to rebut a counter-argument is to show that it is based on faulty assumptions. Either the facts are wrong, the analysis review is incorrect, or the values it is based on are not acceptable. Examples of each are given below. Furthermore, some counter-arguments are simply irrelevant, usually because they are actually responding to a different argument. And some counter-arguments actually make your argument stronger, once you analyze their logic. All of these examples use a claim from James loewens book, lies my teacher Told. In that book loewen makes the claim that to function adequately in civic life students must learn what causes racism (143). The examples below are ideas that you might use as a counter-argument to this claim, in a paper agreeing with loewen.

biased language or stack the deck when presenting their position. Readers see through that sort of thing pretty quickly. Obviously, if you really believe the position expressed in your thesis, you will not be able to be completely objective in how you express the counter-argumentbut you should try. One of the most common purposes of counter-argument is to address positions that many people hold but that you think are mistaken. Therefore you want to be respectful and give them the benefit of the doubt even if you think their views are incorrect. Theyll be much more likely to be persuaded then. (The other approach, to use sarcasm and satire to expose mistaken ideas, is very powerful, but should be used with care, especially before youve mastered the art of rhetoric.).

Top, how should a counter-argument be presented? A counter-argument should be expressed thoroughly, fairly and objectively. Do not just write a quick sentence and then immediately rebut. Give reasons why someone might actually hold that view. A few sentences or even a whole paragraph is not an unreasonable amount of space to give to the counter-argument. Again, the point is to show your writing reader that you have considered all sides of the question, and to make it easier to answer the counter-argument. Its easier to respond to a point you have already spelled outand its easier for your reader to follow you.

Four Step Refutation - communication Across the curriculum

A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your write thesis, or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position. Content, organization, more Information, content, why use counter-argument? Why would you include a counter-argument in your essay? Doesnt that weaken your argument? Done well, it makes the argument stronger. This is because it gives you the chance to respond to your readers objections before they have finished reading. It also shows that you are a reasonable person who has considered both sides of the debate. Both of these make an essay more persuasive.


how to write a refutation in an argumentative essay
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The refutation paragraph is normally found only in argument essays and argument research papers; it is also known as the concession paragraph. When students are writing an argumentative essay, they need to acknowledge the valid points of the opposing argument, otherwise writers sound narrow-minded and thereby. The history of Heresies and Their Refutation, st Alphonsus m liguori, the right rev dr Mullock.

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  1. Writers or speakers can refute an argument in several ways. For example, one might employ evidence or logic in a refutation. Indirect and Direct Refutation. "Debaters refute through an indirect means when they use counter-argument to attack the case of an opponent.

  2. A: Summarizing a paragraph involves reading the paragraph, underlining the main points, writing the summary and revising the final copy. Introducing the British council's How to Write an Argumentative essay animated video series. This is the fourth of five simple and easy to follow videos that will. Basic overview at writing a concession and Refutation paragraph. Refutation is when a writer or speaker argues against an opposing argument or viewpoint.

  3. How to lay the smack down on your unsuspecting opponent! PowerPoint Slideshow about 'how to Write a refutation Paragraph' - gella. A writer 's refutation paragraph should accept. How does One summarize a paragraph?

  4. How to Write a concession Paragraph. 2 Sample refutation Paragraphs (Each these samples have 2-paragraph refutation ; some essays may only have a 1 paragraph refutation while other essays, like research papers, may require a much longer refutation). 5 The refutation Paragraph a refutation Paragraph Typically does the following: Introduces the opposing argument Acknowledges parts of the opposition which are valid counters the. How to Write a counter-argument.

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